India Independence Day – August 15 – Swatantrata Divas

Independence Day
Also called Swatantrata Divas (Hindi)
Observed by Indians
Type National
Date August 15

Celebrations
Flag hoisting, distribution of sweets in schools, flying kites, singing patriotic songs, entertainment and cultural programmes

India’s Independence Day (Hindi: Swatantrata Divas) is celebrated on August 15 to commemorate its independence from British rule and its birth as a sovereign nation on that day in 1947. The day is a national holiday in India. It is celebrated all over the country through flag-hoisting ceremony and distribution of sweets. The main celebration takes place in New Delhi, where the Prime Minister raises the national flag at the Red Fort and delivers a nationally televised speech from its ramparts. In his speech, he highlights the achievements of the government during the past year, raises important issues and gives a call for further development. Prime minister also pays tribute to leaders of the freedom struggle.
Contents

History

Road to independence

Main articles: History of Independent India, Political Integration of India, and Partition of India

Jawaharlal Nehru being sworn in as India’s first Prime Minister by Lord Mountbatten on August 15, 1947
Jawaharlal Nehru being sworn in as India’s first Prime Minister by Lord Mountbatten on August 15, 1947
Jawaharlal Nehru’s tryst with destiny speech
Jawaharlal Nehru’s tryst with destiny speech

On 3 June 1947, Viscount Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last British Governor-General of India, announced the partitioning of the British Indian Empire into India and Pakistan, under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947. At stroke of midnight, on 15 August 1947, India became an independent nation. This was preceded by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s famous speech titled Tryst with destiny.
“ At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance….. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again. ”

Prime Minister Nehru and Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel invited Lord Mountbatten to continue as Governor General of India. He was replaced in June 1948 by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. Patel took on the responsibility of unifying 565 princely states, steering efforts by his “iron fist in a velvet glove” policies, exemplified by the use of military force to integrate Junagadh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Hyderabad state into India.

The Constituent Assembly completed the work of drafting the constitution on 26 November 1949; on 26 January 1950 the Republic of India was officially proclaimed. The Constituent Assembly elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first President of India, taking over from Governor General Rajgopalachari. Subsequently, a free and sovereign India absorbed two other territories: Goa (liberated from Portuguese control in 1961) and Pondicherry (which the French ceded in 1954). In 1952, India held its first general elections, with a voter turnout exceeding 62%; in practice, this made India the world’s largest democracy.

Celebrations
Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the ramparts of the this historial site, Red Fort, Delhi, On August 15th.
Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the ramparts of the this historial site, Red Fort, Delhi, On August 15th.

15th August is a National holiday of India. In the capital New Delhi most of the Government Offices are lit up. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs take place in all the state capitals. In the cities around the country the Flag Hoisting Ceremony is done by politicians belonging to that constituency. In various private organisations the Flag Hoisting Ceremony is carried out by a Senior officer of that organisation. Schools and colleges around the country organise flag hoisting ceremony and various cultural activities within their respective premises. Families and friends get together for lunch or dinner, or for an outing. Housing colonies, cultural centres, clubs and societies hold entertainment programmes and competitions, usually based on the freedom theme.

Kite Flying

Throughout varying regions of India, there is a popular tradition of flying kites on the Independence Day. The sky is dotted with hundreds of colourful kites and people engage in kite-flying competitions. Balconies and roof-tops of houses are full of people flying kites and one can hear cheerful shouts of children in the evening as the kites soar in the sky.

Programmes On TV

Television Channels, especially the national network, Doordarshan provide a live coverage on the occasion and radio channels give the live commentary for the general masses. Various channels treat their audience with patriotic films and songs on this day. Cultural programmes featuring classical music and dance performances by various artists are organized at several places.

मंजिल पे आया मुल्क हर बला को टाल के
सदियों के बाद फिर उड़े बादल गुलाल के
हम लाए हैं तूफ़ान से कश्ती निकाल के
इस देश को रखना मेरे बच्चों सम्भाल के

Translation:

The nation arrived at its destination, after surviving many calamities
and after several centuries, celebrated the freedom by throwing coloured powder
We (the older generation) have steered this ship during the terrible storms,
You, my children, keep this nation safe.

Literal Translation with Hindi Poetic License:

(The nation) reached its goal after surviving many calamities
At long last, centuries later, did fly clouds of colour
From within the storm we have brought out the rudder (of the sailing ship)
This nation, my children, you must preserve.

External links

Independence Day (India) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
India’s Independence Day (Hindi: Swatantrata Divas) is celebrated on August 15 to commemorate its independence from British rule and its birth as a …
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(India)

Indian independence movement – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was decided that 26 January 1930 should be observed all over India as the Purna Swaraj (complete independence) Day. Many Indian political parties and …
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_independence_movement

freedom gift, august 15, independence day, india freedom, greeting …
Information on freedom celebration of india. Also provide independence day celebration greeting cards & wallpapers.
www.123independenceday.com/indian/independence/day/

Indian Independence Day, Independence Day Of India, Celebrations …
Indian Independence Day, Independence Day Of India, Celebrations Of Independence Day, National Festivals Of India, History Of Independence Day.
festivals.iloveindia.com/independence-day/index.html

Independence Day of India – 15th August is celebrated as …
Independence Day of India – 15th August is celebrated as Independence Day of India. Know more about the Independence Day.
festivals.tajonline.com/independence-day.php

Free Independence Day (India) Ecards, Independence Day (India …
It’s Independence Day (India) ! Celebrate the free spirit of India and share the pride of being a part of such a glorious nation. …
cards.hindu-festivals.com/cgi-bin/newcards/showthumbs.pl?log=hindfest&q1=eaug_indindependenceday

Indian independence day ,Independence Day of India ,15th august
August 15, commemorates the day in 1947, India’s biggest secular celebration, on the anniversary of her independence from British in 1947. …
www.indianchild.com/indian_independence_day.htm

Celebrate Indian Independence Day from TheHolidaySpot
Indian Independence Day Celebrations with greeting cards, wallpapers, history, national flag, anthem, crafts, and more.
www.theholidayspot.com/indian_independence_day/

2007 India Independence Day, Quotes, E-Cards, History, Parades …
Your guide to the best sites for India Indpendence Day.
www.chiff.com/home_life/holiday/india-independence.htm

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